After engaging and trying to take power by use of force, Hitler and his associates were arrested and put in prison in 1924. In the same year they were released from prison, and in 1925 Hitler decided to re-form the Nazi party; this time with the clear intension to take over power using the right procedure. It is important to understand that Hitler was born and raised in a humbler family, an aspect of his life that enabled him and the Nazi party to resonate with working class. The second formation of the party was strongly embraced especially by the working class and rural protestant in areas like Pomerania, East Prusia and Mecklenburg as well as by the disturbed working class in the country. Generally, the Nazi party attracted support from the lower middle class, which was the class that was adversely affected by the 1920s economic depression. Hitler, on the other hand, embraced the opportunity to promote his anti-Semitism against the Jews who were the owners of the major businesses in the country. In the 1930s, the senior leaders of the Nazi party; Himmler, Goebbels and Goring headed various regions giving the party a strong ground. By 1930s, all the other parties had weakened leaving the Nazi party as the only big party and best alternative. After the death of Hindenburge, Hitler had already positioned himself thus becomes the next president. The succession of Hitler to power is mainly due to political and social position of the country at the time. In Germany, the Jews possessed big business and they made the part of the big upper class in the country. The Germans, on the hand, were living on abject poverty, and it was a situation that Hitler experienced from an early age. In addition, other parties in the country reduced their aggression leaving a vacuum that was filled by the Nazi party. Although the social and political circumstance had no direct influence, Hitler used the circumstance to propagate anti-Semitism; blaming the Jews on all the problems in the country thus winning the votes of the lower middle class and peasants. The upper middle and upper class also fell to the promise of Hitler to restore peace and economic stability (Wistrich 2013).
The Nazi Party was formed in the last years of the First World War, and its first branch was established by Anton Drexler in Munich. Much of the support of the Nazi party came from low income earners, peasants and people who believed in the idea that German is the master race (Aryan). The small party was vehemently opposed by the established parties, Social Democratic Party (SPD) and Communist Party of Germany (KPD), which were against the nationalism ideologies that were held by the Nazi Party. Hitler was appointed to be the Chief of Propaganda of the Nazi Party, which was at the time referred as Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (DAP). Hitler headed the position of promoting the Party because of his exceptional oratory skills. The ideologies of the Nazi Party were anti-Semitic, anti-capitalist, anti-democratic and anti-Marxist and anti-Liberal. In 1920, Hitler changed DAP party to National Socialist German Workers Party. Hitler continued to chief propaganda until when he was made the chairman of the party. The meetings of the party were held in beer halls, giving the unemployed youths an opportunity to attend the meeting as well as enjoy free beer. When the support of the party had grown to over 20, 000 followers, Hitler decided to organize Beer Hall Putsch: a coup that was meant to overthrow the government. Hitler did not get the support he expected and he and other supporter were arrested on March 1924. Generally, the party failed to secure power because of the internal wrangles combined by the wrong tactic of taking power using force.
Hitler was born in 1989 in a small village in Austria, in a very humble background. He did not have a good relation with his father because of his anger and military upbringing he subjected them into. Although he performed well in monastery school and even joined choir, Hitler liked to be a ring leader and hang around with boys. One of the qualities that helped Hitler to rise to power was his oratory skills. Hitler held ideas that were strongly opposite those of other political leaders. Hitler was against the socialism and capitalism and anti-Semitism views that sounded well with the low income earners. With his oratory skills, Hitler was able to win many supporters because he raised issues that resonated with the low income earners and those that felt disadvantaged by the government in place and its systems. When he gained the Chief of Propaganda, he was able to raise the supporter to over 20, 000 before taking the first coup attempt the government. Hitler gained much support by spreading negative publicity against the Jews. At the time of becoming the Chairman of Nazi Party, Germany was faced with both political and social problems which gave Hitler a favorable environment to promote his anti-Semitic ideologies. This tactic helped him to beat his opponents as well as gain much support from both middle class and lower middle class as a promising president able to restore stability in the country (Spielvogel & Redles 2013).
Spielvogel, J. J., & Redles, D. (2013). Hitler and Nazi Germany: A History. Pearson Higher Ed.
Wistrich, R. S. (2013). Who’s who in Nazi Germany. Routledge.
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