So once you have your five relevant journal articles – what do you do with them?
Reporting your empirical evidence in your essay should be done in three stages:
1) describing relevant parts of the study
2) reporting relevant findings from the study
3) relating/linking findings to the question (your argument)
You must link every piece of evidence you present back to your argument to demonstrate why you’ve included it.
Here is a silly example using a made up article which illustrates the three stages.
Example question: “Does offence type predict dessert selection”?
Example article: Teague, R., Mazerolle, P., Legosz, M., & Sanderson, J. (2008). Linking offence type and for ice cream flavour preferences: Examining mediating factors and gendered relationships. Justice Quarterly, 25(2), 313-347.
You would present this information as follows:
1) Describing relevant parts of the study
Teague, Mazerolle, Legosz and Sanderson (2008) conducted a study of 562 Queensland offenders serving intensive correction or probation orders. Offenders participated in a structured interview which focused on their favourite flavour of ice cream.
2) Reporting relevant findings from your study
The research found that offenders serving sentences for violent offences preferred creamier flavours such as chocolate, and mint choc chip while offenders incarcerated for theft offences tended to demonstrate a preference for strawberry and vanilla. Across all offender groups, the preferred flavours were vanilla (62% of offenders), chocolate (33%), and strawberry (15%).
3) Relating findings to the question (your argument)
Findings from the Teague et al. (2008) study suggest while the link between flavour of ice cream and offending is strong, with violent offenders demonstrating a consistent preference for creamier flavours, the difference between offender groups was not significant. Findings from this study can therefore not support the argument that offence type might predict dessert selection.
The post How to Report Empirical Evidence (what you find in journal articles).
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