The Marxist critic is very clear about the stance from which he or she writes. The text is always seen in relation to a Marxist view of history in which the idea of class struggle is central. Marx believed that there would eventually be a revolutionary class war in which the proletariat, working class, would pit themselves against the bourgeois capitalists and create a new social and economic order.
The Marxist literary critic examines the ways in which the texts shape and reflect the values of the society in terms of economics and power. They might analyse the presentation of the characters as representative of different classes.
But also the Marxist literary critic may examine the ways in which the structure of the story supports or challenges dominant ideologies and that this may subvert the seeming ‘political’ message of the text. Oliver Twist for example rails against the Workhouse and the treatment of the poor, but ultimately Oliver is returned the bosom of the bourgeois family – the ‘happy ending
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