The European Union: Do the Benefits of Membership Outweigh the Costs?
Background Essay Questions
What big problems did Europe face after World War II?
An estimated 40 million people died after the war. Cities were bombed and farms burned. People were afraid to rebuild their lives.
Why were Europeans eager to create supranational organizations after World War II?
It could promote peace, increase wealth, jobs, and weapons. They would be able to fight the Soviets if they needed to.
How can countries become members of the EU?
If countries meet the goals of the Copenhagen Criteria.
Who makes EU law?
Three main groups of representatives make the EU laws.
How are EU laws enforced?
Countries have to work together to make laws that work for everyone. The Court of Justice upholds the laws but there is no EU military or police force that makes sure the rules are being followed.
Define these terms:
A supranational organization is bigger than a nation.
a group of countries that removes trade barriers, like tariffs, to encourage trade among member countries
the authority of a state or country to govern itself
big industries that require heavy equipment and huge investment, like coal, weapons, and mining
products sold to the consumer such as food, clothes, and household goods like furniture and appliances
groups that make laws, such as the US Congress
Write a two- or three-sentence summary of the Background Essay describing time, place, and story.
In 1945 World War 2 ends. About 40 million Europeans died. The EU was formed to stop the spread of communism.
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