[Solution]Harvard Style – References / bibliography

How -to guide Note: It is a requirement that all students include a header/footer of the following information on every single page of the TMA:…

How -to guide

Note: It is a requirement that all
students include a header/footer of the following information on every single
page of the TMA: Name, ID, Course Code, TMA #, Tutor name, section, and
semester.

You
have to use the Times New Roman Font Size 12 (except for the cover page).Line
spacing should be 1.5All
pages should be numberedKeep
wide margins for your instructors’ commentsAlign your text to the left. Don’t justify leaving spaces between
words

Harvard Style Referencing:

There are various ways of
setting out references / bibliographies for an assignment.“Harvard Style” is a
generic term for any referencing style which uses in-text references such
as (Smith, 1999), and a reference list at the end of the document
organized by author name and year of publication.

In this
guide, we are using a “Harvard Style” which is based on the author-date system
for books, articles and “non-books”.

NOTE: When
you write your list of references/bibliography, please keep in mind the
following points:

Your bibliography should
identify an item (e.g. book, journal article, cassette tape, film, or
internet site) in sufficient detail so that others may identify it and
consult it.Your bibliography should
appear at the end of your TMA with entries listed alphabetically.If you have used sources from
the Internet, these should be listed in your bibliography.

FOR A BOOK

The details required in order are:

1. name/s of author/s, editor/s, compiler/s or the institution responsible

2. year of publication

3. title of publication and subtitle if any (all titles must be
underlined or italicized)

4. series title and individual volume if any

5. edition, if other than first

6. publisher

7. place of publication

8. page number(s) if applicable

One author

Berkman, RI
1994, Find it fast: how to uncover expert information on any subject,   Harper Perennial, New York.

Two or more authors:

Cengel, YA
& Boles, MA 1994, Thermodynamics: an engineering approach, 2nd    edn, McGraw Hill, London.

Cheek, J,
Doskatsch, I, Hill, P & Walsh, L 1995, Finding out: information literacy
   for the 21st century, MacMillan
Education Australia, South Melbourne.

Editor(s)

Pike, ER
& Sarkar, S (eds) 1986, Frontiers in quantum optics, Adam Hilger,
Bristol. Jackson, JA (ed.) 1997, Glossary of geology, 4th edn, American          Geological Institute, Alexandria, Va.

Sponsored by
institution, corporation or other organization

Institution of Engineers, Australia 1994, Code of ethics, Institution
of Engineers,       Australia, Barton,
A.C.T

Series

Bhattacharjee, M 1998, Notes of infinite permutation groups,
Lecture notes in           mathematics
no.1698, Springer, New York.

Edition

Zumdahl, SS 1997, Chemistry, 4th edn, Houghton Mifflin,
Boston.

Chapter or part of
a book to which a number of authors have contributed

Bernstein, D 1995, ‘Transportation planning’, in WF Chen (ed.), The
civil      engineering handbook, CRC
Press, Boca Raton.

No author or editor

Kempe’s engineer’s year-book 1992, Morgan-Grampian,
London.

FOR AN ARTICLE

The details required, in order, are:

1. name/s of author/s of the article

2. year of publication

3. title of article, in single quotation marks

4. title of periodical (underlined or
italicised)

5. volume number

6. issue (or part) number

7. page number(s)

Journal article

Huffman,
LM 1996, ‘Processing whey protein for use as a food ingredient’, Food            Technology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp.
49-52

Newspaper article

Simpson, L
1997, ‘Tasmania’s railway goes private‘, Australian Financial Review,    13 October, p. 10

FOR A NON- BOOK

NON-BOOK

The details
required are the same as for a book, with the form of the item (eg video
recording, tape, computer file, etc.) indicated after the year.

Get the
facts (and get them organized) 1990, video recording, Appleseed      Productions, Williamstown, Vic

FORM OF ITEM

Dr Brain
thinking games 1998, CD-ROM, Knowledge Adventure Inc., Torrance,      California

FOR WEB SITES AND OTHER ELECTRONIC SOURCES

􀂄 FOR
WEB SITES AND OTHER ELECTRONIC SOURCES

This could include sources
from full text compact disk products, electronic journals or
other sources from the Internet.The basic form of the
citations follow the principles listed for print sources (see above)

1. name/s of author/s

2. date of
publication Note: If you cannot establish the date of publication, use
n.d.  (no date).

 3. title of publication

4. edition, if other
than first

5. type of
medium, if necessary

6. date item
viewed

7. name or site
address on internet (if applicable)

Weibel, S
1995, ‘Metadata: the foundations of resource description’, D-lib    Magazine, viewed 7 January 1997,                   <http://www.dlib.org/dlib/July95/07weibel.html>.

ASTEC 1994, The
networked nation, Australian Science, Technology and     Engineering Council,

Canberra,
viewed 7 May 1997,            <http://astec.gov.au/astec/net_nation/contents.html>

If no author is given, the
title is used as the first element of a citation.

Dr Brain
thinking games 1998, CD-ROM, Knowledge Adventure Inc., Torrance,      California

REFERENCES IN THE TEXT OF YOUR ESSAY

FERENCES IN THE TEXT OF YOUR ESSAY

In an author-date style, a
textual citation generally requires only the name of the author(s) and the
year of publication (and specific page(s) if necessary).

This may appear at the end of
a sentence, before the full stop.

Examples:

It is futile
to maintain that the sexes are interchangeable (Moir & Jessel 1991).

It is futile
to maintain that the sexes are interchangeable (Moir & Jessel 1991, p.94).

Alternatively, the author’s
surname may be integrated into the text, followed by the year of
publication in parentheses.

Examples:

Moir and
Jessel (1991) have shown that it is futile to maintain that the sexes are        interchangeable.

Moir and
Jessel (1991, pp. 93-4) have shown that it is futile to maintain that the        sexes are interchangeable.

If two or more works by
different authors are cited at the same time, separate them with a
semicolon

Example:

The
implications for land degradation have been much debated (Malinowski, Miller
& Gupta 1995; Thomson 1999).

If two or more works by the
same author are cited at the same time, do not repeat the author’s name.
Separate the years of publication by a commaAlternatively, the author’s
surname may be integrated into the text, followed by the year of
publication in parentheses.

Example:

Subsequent investigation confirmed these results (Watson &
Clark 1996, 1998).

Public housing remains a neglected area (ACOSS 1997a, 1997b).

If there are more than three
authors, list only the first, followed by ‘et al.’

Example:

Other
researchers have questioned these findings (Larson et al. 1987).

If you cannot establish the
year of publication, use ‘n.d.’ (no date).

Example:

Recent advances have been made in this area (Bolton n.d.).

If there is no author or
authoring body, cite the work by title, in italics.

Example:

In military
settings, leadership acquires a different significance (Be, know, do:          leadership the Army way, 2004).
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