[Solution]Topic:System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation

System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation A. Introduction This practical exercise (PE) is designed to evaluate your…

System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation

A. Introduction

This practical exercise (PE) is designed to evaluate your ability to research the fielding of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment to identify hazards and safety issues associated with the equipment from procurement through current usage in the field.Your commander has asked you to research the MRAP and provide a concise, yet detailed information paper on the fielding issues of the MRAP and include hazards and mitigation efforts to make the MRAP safer for Soldiers. Individuals other than your commander will also read your report.
B. Terminal Learning Objective
Action: Analyze system data to determine order of precedence and hazard mitigation.
Condition: Given system data and access to references and computer equipment.
Standard: The analysis will be evaluated in accordance with the System Safety Rubrics.
C. References:AR 385-10, The Army Safety ProgramDA Pam 600-67, Effective Writing for Army LeadersOther references as determined by individualRecommended website: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ for writing tips.
D. Grading Criteria
Your information paper will be evaluated based on hazards identified in both the production and deployment phase and the operation and support phase of the acquisition life-cycle, as well as identified mitigation factors. Proper format, grammar, and spelling are important and will be part of the evaluation. See the attached rubric for specific criteria.
E. InstructionsThis is an individual exercise.You will conduct research on the MRAP vehicle and prepare an information paper (see attached for format) that describes the fielding of the MRAP and the safety problems or concerns associated with the vehicle. Your paper will be in the following format:
a. Three or four pages with 1-inch margins and double spaced.
b. Use the font style Times New Roman 12 or Arial 11.
c. Use the Information Paper format (see attached).
d. List references on a separate page. Reference page will not be counted as one of the three-four pages.The paper must discuss issues with fielding, hazards identified, and mitigation efforts to reduce risk to our Soldiers. Identify specific hazards and mitigation efforts – remember this is about system safety.Do not plagiarize – either paraphrase and/or cite the source(s) of quotes used. Use a parenthetical citation after the text you quoted; for example, (Jones, 2011) and be sure to list the publication in your list of references.

INFORMATION PAPER
Rank and Name
GSOC 11-###
Date
SUBJECT: Information Paper Format for the Ground Safety Officers Course (GSOC)

Purpose. To provide guidance on the preparation and use of an Information Paper format for the GSOC System Safety Practical Exercise.Background. Information papers are reports that provide the reader with a basic understanding of the subject matter. An Information Paper provides facts in a clear and concise format.Discussion/Facts.
a. To format the Information Paper, use 1-inch margins and use Arial 11 or Times New Roman 12 font. An Information Paper is usually single-spaced; however, double space your paper to allow room for instructor comments.
b. Include a subject line and state the purpose of the paper, followed by background, discussion, facts, and a conclusion. Use numeric or alpha designators, as required, for each paragraph.
c. For each paragraph, include a topic sentence and only essential facts concerning the subject that support the topic sentence. Start a new paragraph when you change topics. Write paragraphs that, with few exceptions, are no more than 10 lines and keep sentences short. The average sentence length should be no more than 15-20 words.
d. Organize your information to obtain readers’ attention and sequence it to be reader friendly to maintain their interest.
e. Avoid using acronyms and abbreviations unless you spell them out the first time you use them (exceptions are those that are known outside the military (e.g. U.S. for United States).
Rank and Name
SUBJECT: Information Paper Format for the Ground Safety Officers Course (GSOC)

f. Number pages consecutively starting with page 2 approximately 1-inch from the bottom of the sheet.
g. Include your name as the point-of-contact in the lower right corner of the final page.
h. Before submitting your paper, proofread it and ensure you have used correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Also, ensure you wrote primarily in active voice and that you used transitional words and phrases.

Conclusion. A good information paper addresses the issues, concerns, etc. regarding the subject and is clear, well organized, concise, and to the point.
Katherine L. Jones/334-255-0419
Rank and Name
SUBJECT: Information Paper Format for the Ground Safety Officers Course (GSOC)

REFERENCES

DA Memo 25-52 (2008). Information Management, Staff Action Process and Correspondence Policies, Washington DC.Hoffman Marketing Communications, Inc. (2008). How to Write a White Paper: A Closer Look at White Paper Definition.Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., Brizee, A., and Keck, R. (2011-07-13). Reference List: Books. Retrieved from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/Livingston, K. (2010-11-08). Guide to Writing a Basic Essay. Retrieved from https://lklivingston.tripod.com/essay/White Paper. (n.d.) Retrieved February 3, 2012 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_paper

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This is an example of what the paper should look like.
SUBJECT: System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation

Purpose. To describe the fielding of the MRAP and the safety problems and/or concerns associated with the vehicle. This information paper will describe the hazards identified in both the production and deployment phases and the operation and support phase of the acquisition life-cycle of the MRAP, as well as identifying the mitigation factors for the hazards.Background. During Operation Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, the greatest threat to Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen and Marines after major combat operations subsided, was the use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). IEDs were the first choice for the insurgency to inflict numerous casualties on U.S. forces. To counter the severity and impact of IED explosions on our military equipment and personnel, the Department of Defense (DOD) implemented a Rapid Equipment Fielding (REF) process to procure Commercial Off the Shelf (COTS) MRAP vehicles. (Rasch, 2011) The implementation of wartime acquisition initiatives decreased, in many cases, the amount of time required to produce and field critical systems. According to acquisition authorities, the process reduced an estimated six years off the typical acquisition timeline. (Rasch, 2011)Discussion/Facts.

a. Safety concerns in the design and deployment of the MRAPs include the high profile/

center of gravity and weight of the MRAP vehicle, design of the side door and rear doors,

faulting wiring, and no programmed operator drivers training. I queried for MRAP accidents
GS12 / Mr. Glen Jordan
SUBJECT: System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation
beginning January 2006 through March 2015, utilizing the Risk Management Information

System (RMIS) database. According to the database, there were over 170 accidents in Operation

Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom over the nine year time period. Further analysis

of the database query revealed that eight of the accidents consisted of the following hazards–

vehicle roof hatch lock failures, hinges on rear and side doors breaking off, faulty wiring in the

battery box, and vehicle rollovers, which caused damage to the MRAPs and Soldier injuries.

Additional hazards identified included – inadequate school training, inadequate unit training

and inadequate experience of the operator. These hazards accounted for over 160 of the

accidents outlined in the RMIS database.

b. To mitigate the hazards identified in the design and rapid fielding of the MRAP, there were

numerous challenges with the MRAP reliability, mobility, and safety, which required some

modifying of designs and post-production fixes, and adapting how vehicles were used. (Sullivan,

2009)

One particular mitigation measure instituted by the Combatant Commander to reduce the

amount of MRAP rollovers was the introduction of post mobilization training guidance requiring

units to complete 40 hours of MRAP drivers training before going into Theater. First Army

implemented this guidance by conducting a five (5) day MRAP training model at its mobilization

training centers in the U.S. Once units arrived in Theater, they were required to conduct

additional drivers training (75 miles driving) with the MRAP prior to going on combat patrols.

In addition to the driver training, training guidance also required all unit personnel assigned
GS12 / Mr. Glen Jordan
SUBJECT: System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation
MRAP vehicles to conduct rollover MRAP EGRESS Training (MET). Prior to moving into

Theater, units conducted MET training at mobilization training centers and again in Kuwait.

Additionally, the MRAP University at Red River Army Depot, Texarcana, TX, began

conducting operator and maintenance training for the DOD in 2007. This course provided

certified Operator and Maintenance Train the Trainers for units to improve their drivers training

programs. It closed in December 2013 due to funding issues. There were approximately 14,000

Soldiers trained during the life of the course.

In an effort to assist unit commanders, leaders and MRAP operators in building sustainment

training programs and preventing MRAP accidents, the USACRC created the MRAP Safety

Awareness Site; a web-based repository of operational and training resources pertaining to

MRAP vehicles. The site, designed for leaders, commanders and MRAP operators, hosts a robust

collection of videos, tools and other information on establishing and maintaining effective

MRAP driver training and accident prevention programs. Training Circular 7-31, MRAP Driver

Training is one of the site’s key components. It provides users with information on the hazards

most commonly associated with these vehicles, as well as common operator errors. The site

offers users potential mitigation strategies and techniques, with an emphasis on the importance of

leadership, teamwork and communication.

Finally, in an effort to capture lessons learned and provide unit commanders, leaders and

Soldiers with a practicable reference while conducting MRAP operations, the Maneuver Center

of Excellence, Department of Training and Development published GTA Card 07-09-02 MRAP
GS12 / Mr. Glen Jordan
SUBJECT: System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation
Family of Vehicles Operational Safety Card, November 2013. The GTA card discusses common

hazards related to MRAP operations, and countermeasures to mitigate the hazards. It provides an

operating checklist for units to utilize, and Risk Assessment matrix for driving on different

terrain.

c. Conclusion. The MRAP vehicle provided the required protection the U.S. forces in two theaters required. Even though there were issues with the system during the fielding and deployment, the unit leaders and Soldiers in the field provided feedback to Senior Commanders and elected civilian officials. Mitigation measures identified significantly reduced the needless loss of Soldier lives due to accidents.
Glen A. Jordan/601-554-3788
GS12 / Mr. Glen Jordan
SUBJECT: System Safety Analysis – Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) Fielding Issues, Hazards and Mitigation
REFERENCES

Colonel Rasch, Robert, A., Jr. (2011-01-12) Lessons Learned from Rapid Acquisition: Better, Faster, Cheaper?Sullivan, Michael, J. (2009-10-08) Testimony Before the House Armed Services Committee, Defense Acquisition Reform Panel,United States Government Accountability Office, Defense Acquisitions, Rapid Acquisition of MRAP Vehicles.Https://www.safety.army.mil.GTA Card 07-09-02 (2013) MRAP Family of Vehicles Operational Safety Card.
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