[Solution]Clinical Conditions

Malik, Vasanti S et al.  Adolescent dairy product consumption and risk of type II diabetes in middle-aged women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 94.3(2011): 854-861.…

Malik,
Vasanti S et al.  Adolescent dairy
product consumption and risk of type II diabetes in middle-aged women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,
94.3(2011): 854-861. doi:10.3945/ajcn.110.009621.

This article discusses a study conducted
to illustrate the association between dairy product intake during adolescence
and risk of diabetes mellitus in adulthood. The researchers conducted a
longitudinal study in which participants were asked to complete a questionnaire
regarding their dietary habit during high school and then followed throughout
adulthood from 1998 to 2005. The researchers evaluated
the risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 based on
evidence of diabetes, exercise habit and weight gain/loss.  The results showed that those women with high
intakes of dairy product right from high school well into adulthood had the lowest
risk of diabetes mellitus type 2. This strong relationship suggested that
continued intake of dairy product during the life course carries potential
benefits for reducing the risk of diabetes

This article is a valuable source
when examining preventive approaches for addressing diabetes type 2. It
indicates that promoting diary product intake at an early age may reduce the
risk of diabetes at the later age. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is a
trusted source and the authors have authority in this field.

Sarah,
Lewington, Ben Lacey, Robert Clarke, et al. The Burden of Hypertension and
Associated Risk for Cardiovascular Mortality in China. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176.4(2016):524-32.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2500028

This study describes a study
conducted in China to look at the prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of
hypertension. A prospective cohort study was done in which vital status of 500,223
adults was taken using the Disease Surveillance Points System. The results
found 32.5% of participants to have hypertension. The results also found that
among those with prior cardiovascular disease and hypertension, only 13 percent
had their high blood pressure controlled. In addition to that, uncontrolled hypertension
accounted for a 4.1 relative risk of mortality because of cardiovascular
disease. Uncontrolled hypertension represented one-third of mortality because
of cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly populations in China.

This article is a valuable for source when looking at
strategies for reducing vascular disease deaths. Detection and control of high
blood pressure is key to reducing the prevalence of cardiovascular risks and
vascular deaths.

JAMA is a peer-reviewed journal and
thus a credible source.

Horner,
Sharon D., Adama Brown, Sharon A. Brown, and D. Lynn Rew. Enhancing Asthma
Self-Management in Rural School-Aged Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Rural Health, 32.3(2016): 260–268.

            This
article describes the impacts of two modes of delivering educational
intervention for asthma on self-management and health outcomes. A longitudinal
study was conducted on elementary schools, which had been stratified into low
and high socioeconomic status. The sample targeted included children diagnosed
with asthma enrolled in grades 2 through 5. The researchers randomly assigned
the schools either asthma day camp, attention-control camp or in-school asthma
class. The results showed that schools with asthma day camp and asthma class
registered significant decreases in asthma severity characterized by reduced
emergency department visits and reduced hospitalization. This finding suggests
that asthma self-management education may result in behavior change or
modification that can reduce costly usage of emergence healthcare.

This article is important when it
comes to raising awareness and sensitizing people to pay attention to asthma
management. It shows that asthma education can help people make sound
management decision to control symptoms associated with asthma and its adverse
outcomes.   

Peng,
Yang, Zhiqiang Wang, Bin Dong, Sifan Cao, Jie Hu, Odewumi Adegbija. Life’s
Simple 7 and ischemic heart disease in the general Australian population. PLOS One, 12.10(2017): e0187020. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187020

Ischemic heart disease is a popular
cardiovascular disease that account for 13.3 percent of worldwide all-causes of
mortality. Controlling modifiable risk factors is believed to improve
cardiovascular health. This study sought to clarify the relationship between
Life’s Simple 7 and the prevalence of ischemic heart disease. A
population-based survey was conducted on 24910 adults in which measures of
physical activity, BMI, smoking status, dietary patterns and blood pressure
were used to determine their cardiovascular health. The results showed that
total cholesterol, physical inactivity and elevated BMI increased the risk of
ischemic heart disease.

This article is important in exploring the risk
factors of cardiovascular disease and gaining better understanding of the role
of Life’s Simple 7 in improving cardiovascular health.  

The information presented here is accurate because
this is peer-reviewed journal article.

Yu,
Zhi-Gang. The Prevalence and Correlates of Breast Cancer among Women in Eastern
China. PLOS ONE, 7.6(2012): e37784. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037784

This article investigates the
characteristics and prevalence of breast cancer among females in China. A large
scale survey study was conducted on five provinces in South China in which 86,
667 female participants were randomly surveyed. The experiment group included
participants diagnosed with breast cancer and the control included the healthy
ones. Data on demographic characteristics, reproductive factors, medical
history, dietary habits and breast-cancer related knowledge was collected using
a structured questionnaire. The survey identified 320 cases of breast cancer.
The results also showed that the identified cancer cases were diagnosed in the
age groups of 40 to 45 and 45 to 50. 192 pre-menopausal cancer cases were
identified to 128 post-menopausal cancer cases.   

This article is a valuable source
because it proposes that close attention must be directed at the breast cancer
incidence among pre-menopausal females. The information is accurate and
accurate because PLOS is a peer-reviewed journal.    

Works Cited

Horner,
Sharon D., Adama Brown, Sharon A. Brown, and D. Lynn Rew. Enhancing Asthma
Self-Management in Rural School-Aged Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Rural Health, 32.3(2016):
260–268.

Malik,
Vasanti S et al.  Adolescent dairy
product consumption and risk of type II diabetes in middle-aged women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,
94.3(2011): 854-861. doi:10.3945/ajcn.110.009621.

Peng,
Yang, Zhiqiang Wang, Bin Dong, Sifan Cao, Jie Hu, Odewumi Adegbija. Life’s
Simple 7 and ischemic heart disease in the general Australian population. PLOS One, 12.10(2017): e0187020. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187020

Sarah,
Lewington, Ben Lacey, Robert Clarke, et al. The Burden of Hypertension and
Associated Risk for Cardiovascular Mortality in China. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176.4(2016):524-32.
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2500028

Yu,
Zhi-Gang. The Prevalence and Correlates of Breast Cancer among Women in Eastern
China. PLOS ONE, 7.6(2012): e37784.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037784
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