[Recommended]BIO101 Week 3 Discussion Question

DQ 1   You are conducting fieldwork, and you discover two groups of squirrels living on opposite sides of a lake. How would you design…

DQ 1
 
You are conducting fieldwork, and you discover two groups of squirrels living on opposite sides of a lake. How would you design a study to determine, without disturbing the squirrels, whether these two groups belong to the same species? Please explain.
 
DQ 2
 
To what extent are humans in a technological environment free from natural selection? Please explain.
 
 
BIO 101 Week 3 Assignment How Do Environmental Changes Affect a Population? Lab
 
Complete the MasteringBiology Lab: How Do Environmental Changes Affect a Population? located in the MasteringBiology Interactive Media link.
 
Complete the “How Do Environmental Changes Affect a Population Lab” worksheet by taking notes from the investigation and answering the questions associated with the investigation.
 
How Do Environmental Changes Affect a Population?
Lab Notebook
 
Global Warming Data Table
Number of:
Size
Color
 
Large
Medium
Small
Black
Brown
Parental generation
 
 
 
 
 
10th generation
 
 
 
 
 
20th generation
 
 
 
 
 
30th generation
 
 
 
 
 
 
Graph your Global Warming data, using this key:
Large leafhoppers = •
Medium leafhoppers = O
Small leafhoppers = •
 
Black leafhoppers = X
Brown leafhoppers = X in color
 
 
 
Predator Change Data Table
Number of:
Size
Color
 
Large
Medium
Small
Black
Brown
Parental generation
 
10th generation
20th generation
 
30th generation
Graph your Predator Change data:
 
 
Vegetation Change Data Table
Number of:
Size
Color
 
Large
Medium
Small
Black
Brown
Parental generation
10th generation
 
20th generation
 
30th generation
 
Graph your Vegetation Change data:
 
 
 
 
Pesticide Application Data Table
Number of:
Size
Color
 
Large
Medium
Small
Black
Brown
Parental generation
 
10th generation
 
20th generation
 
 
30th generation
 
 
Graph your Pesticide Application data:
 
 
Questions
1. What role does genetics play in the variation seen in this leafhopper population?
2. Note the results from the 20th generation under global warming conditions. Before continuing with the 30th generation, predict the population composition of the 30th generation.
 
3. What happened to the proportion of each type of leafhopper in subsequent generations under global warming conditions? Suggest a reason why the traits of the 30th generation make this population better adapted to its altered environment.
4. Why would you expect a change in predators to cause a difference in the types of leafhoppers being selected?
5. Note the differences between the parental, 10th and 20th generations when the predator changed from a bird to a snake. What evidence supports the view that leafhopper size is not affected by a change in predators?
6. What happened to the proportion of each type of leafhopper in subsequent generations when the predator changed from a bird to a snake? Suggest a reason why the traits predominant in the 30th generation make this population better adapted to the change in predators.
7. Describe some human activities around your school that could have influenced the natural vegetation in the area.
8. Note the differences between the parental and the 30th generations. What happened to the proportion of each type of leafhopper when the vegetation changed? Suggest a reason why the traits of the 30th generation make this population better adapted to its altered environment.
9. Identify some major sources of pesticides in your area.
10. What happened to the proportions of leafhoppers in each subsequent generation when pesticides were added to the environment? Explain why all the leafhoppers were not killed by the pesticide application.
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