[Recommended]Discuss the general issue/observation that in practice leads to the need for a study

Discuss the general issue/observation that in practice leads to the need for a study Black: The requirements of that section in the assignment Red: The…

Discuss the general issue/observation that in practice leads to the need for a study
Black: The requirements of that section in the assignment
Red: The indication of the example header
Blue: All blues are examples of the requirements for that section of the assignment
Introduction of assignment
This assignment is a group research project. Students who do not participate will get a zero
(0) score. Each group will create a topic for research. The topic chosen must be related to
‘Emerging Threats to National Infrastructures.’
How to create your research topic
➢ Think of an idea
➢ Log into the school library and go to ProQuest or any other academic site
➢ Type the idea as a topic in the search area
➢ Find a research study (dissertation 1-5 years old)
➢ Read the abstract of the article to see if it coincides with your topic idea
➢ Go to chapter five (Findings and Recommendations)
➢ Carefully examine the findings and recommendations
➢ Create your topic from what the author suggested more research needed
The research project should be at least ten pages in length. Each section of the research project
has specific requirements. In this assignment, a paragraph is 4-6 sentences directed towards a
particular subtopic. Using the APA 6th Edition format, each group should provide the following
information about their research project. The group will then conduct a mock semi-research
project by doing the following:
NB: For various reason, some of the sections as it relates to an academic research project
were removed.
The assignment
➢ Research topic: o Introduced and described to establish the main ideas and context of the proposed
research topic (Two paragraphs with at least three different citations)
Example:
The research topic is introduced and described to establish the main ideas and context of
the proposed study
➢ Provide an overview of the research project o (Provide credible information from authors or practitioners who have conducted
research in this discipline and have recommended more research is needed) (At
least five paragraphs at least 12 different in-text citations)
Example:
Over the past two decades, the [environment of your problem] has changed. While
………have improved,………….. aspects have not achieved the same level of expectations
(reference, 2013). Toward this end, research investigations have indicated [a shortage or gap in
the knowledge that is needed – what is this] (reference, 2013; reference, 2009). This lack of
……….. is creating……………., which must be improved to ……………. Therefore,
………….. research is needed to ………………(reference, 2013). Explain why is the topic of
current interest….Why is the research area of importance to practical concerns
➢ Provide the research methodology will be used o Qualitative or Quantitative and why? o (At least two paragraphs at least four different citations)
➢ Provide a problem statement for the research project
o (At least two paragraphs at least six different citations)
Example:
-Discusses the general issue/observation that in practice leads to the need for a study
-Citations are five years old or less from peer-reviewed literature or Government databases
-Problem identified is a practical problem versus a theoretical problem
-Problem is directly connected to the course topic and concentrations
➢ Provide a purpose statement for the research project
o (At least two paragraphs at least six different citations)
Example:
Qualitative Methodology
• After establishing the statement of the problem, align the purpose statement with the
problem statement
• The purpose statement identifies the direction and goals of the proposed/accomplished
work
• The following content should be considered for inclusion in a purpose statement
• The strategy of inquiry
• The study’s method of conveying learning
• The central phenomenon of the study
• The participants in the study
• The site of the research
• The phenomenon or primary idea used to focus the study
• A tentative definition of the central phenomenon
Quantitative Methodology
• After establishing the statement of the problem, align the purpose statement with the
problem statement
• The purpose statement identifies the direction and goals of the proposed/accomplished
work
• The following content should be considered for inclusion in a purpose statement
– The study type description
– The study’s independent variable, dependent variable, and control variable
– Participants
– The geographical location of the study
– Definitions of the independent variable, dependent variable, and control variable
– Additional results the study may provide
– The intended users of the research results
➢ Provide a research question for the project
o -Questions are aligned with problem and purpose (i.e., research questions are the problem stated as a question) Research questions are not answerable with a “Yes”
or “No” response
o (Qualitative research questions should start with the words such as what or how…. quantitative should begin with is, are, or why) (At least 2 paragraphs at
least 6 different citations)
Example:
• Research questions are for the researcher only
• Research questions guide the researcher’s thinking to ensure the proper data are
collected, which answers the problem in the problem statement or fills the noted gap
• Qualitative research questions should start with the words what or how
– Creswell (2009) indicated these words indicate an openness and emergence of
design, which addresses the phenomenon of interest
– Your qualitative study will have one overarching research question
– Qualitative research questions are developed based on a central question
– Qualitative research questions do not have hypotheses
Qualitative Research Question example … If the problem sentence is …The problem to be
addressed in the proposed study is since 1980, more than 50% of small business start-ups fail in
the first 5 years because the leadership competencies for start-up IT managers have not been
established (Greene, 2012). Then the purpose sentence is … The purpose of the proposed
qualitative phenomenological study is to explore the leadership competencies for start-up IT
managers. Then the research question is …What are the leadership competencies for start-up IT
managers? Quantitative Research Question example…
Focus your research questions on the possible relationship (correlation) between/among
variables, only. Consider formatting your research questions as
To what extent, if any, does (independent variable) relate to (dependent variable)
for (participants) at (the research site)?
In addition, hypotheses are needed for quantitative questions
Hypothesis statement format
H10: <null>
H1A: <alternative>
• H10: IT flexibility is not correlated to IT effectiveness
• H1A: IT flexibility is correlated to IT effectiveness
Example
To what extent, if any, is there a significant influence of operational software types (independent
variable [IV]) on user satisfaction (dependent variable [DV]) within small manufacturing
businesses?
H10: A correlation does not exist between operational software types (IV) and
user satisfaction (DV) within small manufacturing businesses
H1A: A correlation does exist between operational software types (IV) and user
satisfaction (DV) within small manufacturing businesses
➢ Hypotheses/Propositions o You do not have both. Hypotheses are used for quantitative research. Proposition
is used for qualitative research
Example:
Quantitative:
– Rationale for the hypotheses is provided
– Both null and alternative hypotheses are provided
– Hypotheses are testable with each variable operationalized
– Phrasing of hypotheses reflects nature of analysis (i.e., comparison, relationship, or association)
Qualitative:
– Provide statements that direct the focus of the study
➢ Significance of the Study
o (At least 3 paragraphs at least 6 different citations)
Example:
Present the following
– A global reason for conducting the study
– The study’s uniqueness
– The anticipated value or impact to the problem domain (i.e., what specifically to
management)
– Who specifically will benefit from the study’s results
• Academic field,
• Society,
• Profession,
• Community, or
• Population
————————————-
From the checklist… Suggest a paragraph for each of the bulleted items.
• Indicates a global reason for the study and its uniqueness
• Indicates the anticipated value or impact to the problem domain (i.e., what specifically to
management or computer science)
• Indicates who will benefit from the study’s results (i.e., the academic field, to society, to a
profession, to the community, and/or to a particular population)
➢ Definition of Terms
o 15 commonly used words with cited definitions
Example: A need exists for a knowledge sharing vocabulary that establishes similar meaning and
enable common understanding
• Words defined in an unusual manner or have more than one definition need to be defined
• Terms must be unique and critical to the study
• Presented alphabetically
• Suggest the following format
Term: The term is . . . (reference, year).
Phrase of words: The phrase of words is . . . (reference, year).
• Discusses definitions representing key operational terms or words that are unique and/or
critical to reader understanding (i.e., defined in an unusual manner or have more than one
definition)
• Definitions are supported with citations while minimizing quotations
➢ General overview of the research method and design
o (At least 3 paragraphs at least 9 different citations)
Example:
Writing for this section should address
o Brief statement of what a methodology establishes
o Indicate three methodologies exist
o Indicate which methodology is chosen and why
o Indicate why other two methodologies were not chosen
o Based on chosen methodology, indicate design options available
o Indicate which design is chosen and why
o Indicate why other design options were not chosen
o In summary for this section, indicate simply why chosen methodology and design is
appropriate for proposed study.
• Presents a synopsis of the research methodology and why the methodology is appropriate for
the study
• Identifies and generally describes research design and why the design is appropriate for the
study
• Identifies and generally describes research procedures (e.g., action research, long interviews)
• Places the study in context with similar studies
Conclusion
Part 2
PowerPoint Presentation
You are also required to do a presentation of the study on the last day of the residency.
Everyone in the group will participate in the creation and presentation of the research project.
This presentation should have a minimum of 15 slides covering the following areas below. These
15 slides do not include your title or reference slides. All of your information must be cited
according APA Sixth Edition Format.
• Introduction of the group?
• What is the research problem (Provide academic process)?
• What is the research statement (Provide academic process)?
• What is the title or topic of the research project?
• How did create the topic (Provide academic process)?
• What is the purpose of the research (Provide academic process)?
• What is the research question?
• How did you crate the question (Provide academic process)?
• What is the chosen research methodology?
• What is the reason this methodology was chosen (Provide academic process)?
• What is the chosen research design?
• Why is this the chosen design (Provide academic process)?
• How would this research contribute to the body of knowledge (Provide academic process)?

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