document provides a guide for the style and presentation of Chemical
Engineering laboratory reports. Adherence to the format is an assessed
component in the marking rubric for both First and Second Year Laboratory
The report must be written in
third person, past tense. For example, you should say “in this experiment the
following experiments were carried out”, rather than “I carried out the
following experiments”.The report must be typewritten,
using either Calibri, Times New Roman or Arial font (font size:11pt, text line
spacing:1.5). No part of the report should include handwriting. Subscripts and
superscripts may of course be employed as required.The body of the report must be
in Portrait orientation with normal page margins (2.54cm on all sides).
Landscape orientation may only be employed for pages solely containing figures
and tables, where required for large tables or
figures.The report should be structured
with the following sections:
AbstractTable of ContentsList of Figures and Tables iv Nomenclature
5.0 Conclusions References Appendix (optional)
Each section should start on a
new page. Appropriate sub-sections, for example 1.1, 1.2 etc., may additionally
be employed as required.All pages, except the Title
page, should be numbered. Those placed before the Introduction should be
written in roman numerals i.e. i, ii, iii etc. with the Introduction starting
on page 1.Page numbers should be placed
in the footer of the document and be formatted either as simple numerals, 1, 2,
3; or as Page 1, Page 2, Page 3; or as Page 1 of X, Page 2 of X, Page 3 of X
etc. where X is the last page number.Text boxes should not be used
for any part of the report except to assist with the labelling of figures (if required).
Abstract and Conclusion
The Abstract and Conclusion
should typically be formatted as a single paragraph of text.Do not use bullet points or
lists and do not cite references or figures in either section.
Experimental Procedure section of the report should provide an appropriate
description of the procedure followed, such that another person could repeat
the experiments. The procedures followed should be presented as a numbered
sequence of tasks. You should include appropriate annotated diagrams of the
experiment equipment to support the explanation of the tasks.
images, pictures, graphs, sketches etc., are considered as a figure. You should
ensure that figures are of an appropriate size in the document, of good
quality, with all text legible. Be very careful when using jpeg images, if you
enlarge, they often have a poor quality. Ensure no unwanted information is
Every figure must have an
appropriate caption, positioned below the
figure. Make sure that the figure is referenced in the body of the report (not
required for individual figures in an Appendix).Make sure that each figure and
caption appears on the same page.All figures must be numbered,
appearing in consecutive order through the document, for example Figure 1,
Figure 2, etc.
Graphs and Charts
As a general rule, experimental
data points should be shown as symbols on a graph. You may connect symbols with
lines, but be careful about unrealistic curved lines, use straight lines.Ensure that an appropriate
legend is provided when a graph contains multiple data setsEnsure that both ordinate and
abscissa are labelled with units where appropriate.All symbols and expressions on
the chart should be defined, together with correct physical units.
Tables should be employed to
present raw data collected during an experiment and any derived values.Every table must have an
appropriate caption, positioned above the
table, and be numbered, in consecutive order, as they occur through the
document, for example Table 1, Table 2 etc.Make sure that the table is
referenced in the body of the report (not required for individual tables in an
Appendix). Make sure that each table and caption appears on the same page.All symbols and expressions in
the table should be defined, together with correct physical units (units are
usually shown in the second row of a table, below the name and symbol).
All equations should be
numbered, in consecutive order. Equation numbers should be right justified.All symbols and expressions in
an equation should be defined in the Nomenclature
section, including appropriate physical units.Equations presented as images
are not acceptable. Equations should be written using the built-in equation
editor in your word processor. In Microsoft Word, this is referred to as the
Equation Editor, available in the Insert Ribbon.
All sources of
information must be cited using Harvard notation.
If you do not cite your sources
of information (including both text and images), then you run the risk of
committing the academic offense of plagiarism. Plagiarism is taking the work of others and passing it off as your own
(even unintentionally).Only Harvard notation should be
used, no other form of referencing or citation is accepted. Make sure that you
do not accidentally number your references, even if cited in Harvard format.
seeking sources of information, a general recommendation is that you should
using web based sources other unless absolutely necessary.
Spelling and Grammar
recognise that for many students, English may not be the native language. However,
the report must be written in English, to an acceptable level of grammar such
that the content is readily understood.
writing your report, make sure that you,
Define abbreviations when used
for the first time in the report.Use the spell-checker in your
word processor.Proof-read the document before submitting.
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