[Solution]Critical Thinking and Communication Fallacy Hunt Speech

Instructions:        A fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. It isn’t just being wrong. It isn’t just being silly. It is where a conclusion has been…

Instructions:       

A fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. It isn’t just being wrong. It isn’t just being silly. It is where a
conclusion has been reached through an incorrect or unfair process.

The wild fallacy is an elusive quarry. The
fallacies you will be given in-class as practice have been caught,
domesticated, and purposely made easy to identify—finding your own is difficult
as they rarely fit neatly into any one category. So, since examples of
incorrect reasoning are hard to find and even harder to correctly label, this
assignment must be approached as a continual work-in-progress, rather than
something to be done the night before: start
working on this immediately.

Rules:

You must find five fallaciesYour five fallacies must be examples of the
following:

Ad hominem abusiveAd hominem circumstantialAd hominem tu quoqueAppeal to ignoranceConfusion of correlation and causeFalse analogyFalse dilemmaHasty generalisationPost hoc, ergo
propter hocSlippery slopeStraw man

You can only use a type of fallacy once (and a maximum of two
versions of ad hominem).Each fallacy must have occurred during this semester (after January 1, 2020
is fine).Each fallacy must be from a different source,
and that source cannot be repeated (e.g.: one from your grandmother, one from
the Gold Coast Bulletin, one from Donald Trump, one from a particular YouTube
video, etc.)You can only use a location twice, for
example:1 or 2 of your fallacies must come from printed sources, e.g.: newspapers
(including magazines, brochures, pamphlets, and  online newspapers but only if it was published
in paper – e.g.: Gold Coast Bulletin if you have accessed the digital version,
online news websites doesn’t count)1 or 2 of your fallacies must be spoken, e.g.: conversations with a relative or friend, speeches
made by politicians, mistakes found in YouTube videos, on television, etc. (see
Grading on page 2). You will be awarded a bonus mark if one of
the above fallacies comes (unintentionally) from any of your current teachers
at Bond (and is correctly identified).1
or 2 of your fallacies can come from
online, e.g.: Facebook comments, blogs, online articles, etc.

Valid
combinations:

Written

2

2

1

Spoken

2

1

2

Online

1

2

2

The fallacy MUST be unintentional.
Fallacy websites and memes may not be used. Funny TV shows that have fallacies
in them are using them to be funny, not to make a mistake. Fallacies appearing
in fiction are not mistakes. Advertisements cannot be used. You cannot use text
messages or instant messages.The fallacy MUST be serious. If
the source was approached, would they say they were only joking or
exaggerating, rather than making a legitimate argument?Fallacies always occur in a process of
reasoning—make sure you actually have a fallacy, and not just a mistake
(an easy way to check is to see if there is a conclusion—no conclusion, no
fallacy).In week 8, for 1% homework, you are to deliver
one of your fallacies to your tutorial as a draft – bring the PowerPoint
slide(s) with the fallacy on a USB. You will receive feedback on this from your
peers, and this fallacy may be used in your final submission (if the feedback
is that it was suitable, or could be fixed-up to be suitable).

SPEECH
AND POWERPOINT PRESENTATION:

The
maximum time for your speech is 6 minutes. There is no minimum
time, but the speech must contain enough content to meet the requirements
above.

Mistakes in
reasoning are often found where there is controversy, raised-emotions, anger;
and those who are often make these comments are the unintelligent, uncouth and
uninformed. As such, it’s possible your fallacies may include colourful
language and offensive views. Before you present these to the class, you are to
asterisk any swearing found in direct quotes (e.g. “d***” instead of “damn”),
and at all times, you should be mindful of the thoughts and opinions of others
in the class. The class will understand that you are presenting the example to
criticise it, but still be careful to not unnecessarily offend.

The following
information must be covered/presented with each fallacy:

Name of fallacy (e.g.: Hasty
generalisation)Context/background (e.g.: What
happened? Where did you find this fallacy? Describe the situation, or other
relevant arguments/assumptions surrounding the fallacy. Also, you should
provide information so that we could find the fallacy if we wanted to look for
it in writing or online (or spoken sources if they’re from an online video)
sources—e.g.: the date, section and title of the newspaper/hyperlink)The
direct quote of the fallacy in textFor your written source(s), you must embed a legible
scanned/photographed copy of the fallacy in print and you must also type
the relevant section out in the slideFor your spoken source(s), type the dialogue in
quotes (if a video and it is available online, and if time permits, you can
also quickly play it)If you use an online source, embed a screengrab of
the fallacy and type out/copy and paste the relevant sectionYou must also include a typed-summary where you explain/describe/defend why it is that what
you found is an example of the fallacy (“This is a hasty generalisation
because…”)You
will receive most of your marks purely on what is included in your PowerPoint, so if there is no
written explanation, or you have not typed the relevant fallacy, you will score
poorly
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