Unit 3 DQ
The Time Dimension and the Problem Statement
Part I: Consider what you learned this week from Maxfield and Babbie’s (2018) discussion of “The Time Dimension” in research, as well as their “Putting It All Together” example found on pp. 106–107.
With this information in mind, distinguish cross-sectional from longitudinal studies, providing an original example of each (i.e., not one from the readings or one already posted to the Discussion Board by another student).
Explain how retrospective and prospective approaches to research can yield very different results.
Part II: Reflect on what you learned from unit readings about writing an effective problem statement for a research proposal. Using the applied research topic you selected (Identifying the successes and challenges of the Human Trafficking Task Force in Phoenix, AZ). and had approved by your professor, develop a draft problem statement and post it here to the Discussion Board to receive feedback from others. In turn, provide feedback to at least two classmates on their problem statements. Be specific. Tell them both what is clear and well defined and what is vague and needs further specificity to meet the SMART criteria and effectively address the 5 Ws of the proposed study (Who, What, When, Where, and Why). Act as a “critical friend” and ask clarifying questions.
The readings in this unit explain the process of identifying a problem suitable for applied research. Readings in the Maxfield and Babbie (2018) text explain the time dimension in research and how it impacts the design of a study. The Denscombe (2019) readings explore the necessary components of a successful research proposal, including proposing research that is worthwhile, feasible, and distinctive. The remaining unit readings explain how to develop an effective problem statement and one that meets the SMART criteria, as well as one that maintains consistency between the title, purpose, and goals of the research. Supplemental materials provide additional resources for writing the problem statement and narrowing the focus of your study.
Read the following from the Maxfield and Babbie (2018) textbook:
Chapter 4: “General Issues in Research Design,” pp. 99–118
Read the following from the Denscombe (2019) book:
Chapter 2: “Successful Research Proposals”
Read the following:
Developing a Problem Statement That Meets the SMART Criteria
“Building Consistency Between Title, Problem Statement, Purpose, & Research Questions to Improve the Quality of Research Plans and Reports”
Read the following sections from the Research Methods Knowledge Base:
Read the following from the Ayiro (2012) digital book in the Library:
Chapter 2: “Identifying a Research Problem”
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