Learning Objective #1: Explain the function of the kidneys in regulating fluids, electrolyte balance, acid–base balance, blood pressure, RBC production, and Vitamin D synthesis.
a. What are the main functions of the kidneys?
b. During urine formation, which two substances should be reabsorbed and not excreted in the urine?
c. What two major electrolytes do the kidneys help regulate?
d. What is the role of the kidneys in maintaining serum pH through bicarbonate?
e. Explain the renin-angiotensin system in regulating blood pressure, including the roles of anti-diuretic hormone and aldosterone in this system.
f. How do the kidneys contribute to RBC production?
g. How do the kidneys contribute to Vitamin D synthesis?
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